Stretch marks are common following pregnancy, but many factors can contribute to their appearance. They can show up anywhere on the body.
Stretch marks, or scars that happen when your skin rapidly stretches or shrinks, typically show up as bands of lines running across your skin.
Stretch marks are very common — estimates suggest up to 90 percent of people have them. They commonly appear during or after pregnancy, or after other sudden or rapid changes in your weight. For example, rapidly growing
These marks can appear just about anywhere, but they’re most common on your:
- upper arms
When you touch them with your fingers, you might feel a slight ridge or indentation on your skin. They could also feel itchy or sore.
Stretch marks aren’t harmful to your health. Like other scars, they can be permanent, but they may change and fade over time. For instance, stretch marks from pregnancy tend to fade around
Read on to learn more about stretch marks, plus get the details on treatments that could help make them less noticeable.
The appearance of your stretch marks can depend on a combination of variables, like:
- your natural skin tone
- your skin’s health and elasticity
- the body part affected
Generally speaking, these lines have a different color and texture than your skin. Their color can range from purple to red to light gray or whitish.
Signs and symptoms of stretch marks include:
- indented lines or streaks on your skin, which can vary in length and width
- pink, purple, red, bluish, or dark brown streaks — this color marks can vary, depending on your skin color
- thinned, glossy lines in your skin that may appear whitish over time
- skin itching and irritation before stretch marks appear
Many products and procedures promise to minimize the appearance of stretch marks, or even make them disappear completely. To date, though, little evidence supports the effectiveness of these products.
Some suggestions you might have come across include:
- Moisturizing. Plenty of moisturizers claim to minimize or get rid of stretch marks, but there’s no evidence to back these claims. Most research suggests, in fact, that applying moisturizer to stretch marks has no effect on their appearance. If you’d still like to give it a try, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends gently massaging it into new stretch marks over the course of several weeks.
- Self-tanning lotion. According to the AAD, applying self-tanner to your stretch marks offers a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your typical skin tone and the color of stretch marks.
- Prescription creams. Some research suggests certain topical treatments available by prescription may help make early stretch marks less noticeable. These include hyaluronic acid and tretinoin, a synthetic version of vitamin A.
Stretch marks often fade with time.
If you don’t want to wait, there are treatments that can help improve their appearance. Just keep in mind that no treatment can make stretch marks disappear completely.
A dermatologist can offer more guidance on professional options for minimizing the appearance of stretch marks, including:
- Tretinoin cream. Also known as Retin-A and Renova, this works by restoring collagen, a fibrous protein that helps give your skin elasticity. It’s best to use this cream on recent stretch marks that have a red or pink appearance. This cream may cause skin irritation. If you’re pregnant, you shouldn’t use tretinoin cream.
- Hyaluronic acid cream. This may help when applied consistently to early stretch marks. Hyaluronic acid is generally considered safe for most people to use.
- Pulsed dye laser therapy. This treatment encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. This therapy typically works best on newer stretch marks. It may cause some skin discoloration if you have a darker skin tone.
- Fractional photothermolysis. This uses a laser to target small areas of your skin. It works similarly to pulsed dye laser therapy, with less potential for skin damage.
- Microdermabrasion. This involves polishing the skin with tiny crystals to reveal new skin under the more elastic stretch marks. Microdermabrasion may, in some cases, help improve the appearance of older stretch marks.
- Excimer laser therapy. This stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely.
Again, there’s no guarantee that any medical procedure or prescription medicine can cure stretch marks. Keep in mind, too, that these procedures do carry some risk of side effects, including swelling, skin irritation, and redness.
Professional treatments can also get fairly expensive.
The average cost of these procedures can range from around $167 for microdermabrasion to more than $2,000 for laser therapies, according to a report from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
Stretch marks happen for two main reasons:
- stretching skin
- an increase of cortisone in your system
Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. Having too much of this hormone, though, can lead to a loss of skin elasticity.
Stretch marks also become more common in certain circumstances:
- Many people experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in various ways to make room for the developing fetus. This continual tugging and stretching can cause stretch marks.
- Stretch marks sometimes appear when you rapidly gain or lose weight. Teenagers may also notice stretch marks after a sudden growth spurt.
- Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can contribute to stretch marks by decreasing your skin’s ability to stretch.
Your chances of developing stretch marks increase if you:
- are a woman
- have a family history of stretch marks
- are pregnant
- have Marfan syndrome
- have a history of delivering large babies or twins
- have a higher body weight
- experience significant weight loss or gain
- take corticosteroid medications
The color and appearance of stretch marks can depend on the color of your skin, but they
A dermatologist or other healthcare professional can usually tell whether you have stretch marks by looking at your skin.
They’ll typically also review your medical history, since certain health conditions can contribute to stretch marks. These include:
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Marfan syndrome
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- chronic liver disease
- anorexia nervosa
If they believe a health condition might be causing your stretch marks, they might recommend blood, urine, or imaging tests to help find the underlying cause.
Stretch marks happen naturally, and the marks themselves don’t pose any cause for concern.
That said, since they can happen as a sign of underlying health conditions, it never hurts to ask a dermatologist about your stretch marks — especially if you’ve noticed other unusual symptoms, such as:
- unexplained weight gain
- skin that seems thin, bruises easily, or heals slowly after injuries
- muscle weakness and fatigue
- a general sense of unwellness
Working with a dermatologist might also have benefit when your stretch marks bother you to the point where they lead to emotional distress or make you feel reluctant to bare your arms, legs, stomach, or other body parts.
While there’s nothing wrong with having stretch marks, there’s also nothing wrong with wanting to get rid of them.
If you haven’t had much success with your attempts to minimize the appearance of your stretch marks at home, a dermatologist can offer more support and guidance on your options.
Remember, medical treatment won’t completely get rid of stretch marks, either — but approaches recommended by a dermatologist will most likely yield better results.
Staying hydrated, eating a balanced diet, and getting regular exercise may help prevent stretch marks caused by sudden weight gain or loss, even during pregnancy.
Getting support from a dietitian when trying to gain or lose weight can help you achieve your ideal weight steadily and safely, which can also help lower your chances of stretch marks.
That said, stretch marks often run in families, and there’s no surefire way to prevent stretch marks completely, even if you regularly use lotions or creams. At the end of the day, it’s worth remembering that they’re natural, common, and not harmful to your health.